Chicago PMI crashes, new orders and backlogs plunge to May 2009 level
The December Chicago purchasing managers’ index revealed weaknesses in the regional economy, including in the service sector.
The unexpected strikes Chicago again
December was another disastrous month for the Chicago purchasing managers’ index, or PMI, which measures manufacturing and nonmanufacturing activity in the Chicago region. Economists expected a bounce back from November’s unexpected dip into negative territory. Instead, the numbers reflect what’s best described as a two-month crash.
The Econoday Consensus Estimate was a guess of 50 in a range of 48 to 53. The actual reading of 42.9 was far below any economist’s estimate.
The December Chicago PMI tumbled to a reading of just 42.9, down 5.8 points. The reading was a fresh 6-1/2 year low and the seventh contraction this year. It also was far below expectations of a breakeven reading of 50.
The biggest contributor to the decline was a 17.2 point plunge in order backlogs, to 29.4, marking their eleventh consecutive month in contraction. December’s reading was the lowest since May 2009. The index also was depressed by ongoing weakness in new orders, which contracted at a faster pace, down 5.3 points to 38.8, the lowest level since May 2009. Both production and employment fell into contraction.
The only component to expand at a faster pace was supplier deliveries, although some companies noted that the rise was influenced more by logistics issues during the holiday season and in preparation for Chinese New Year on February 8. The PMI continued to feel the ill effects of general sluggish demand and lower energy prices, which have left their mark on Chicago area companies, along with the stronger U.S. dollar. Moreover, well above normal temperatures ha[ve] impacted many businesses that rely on cold weather.
Ahead of the release, Econoday said:
The Chicago PMI is a one of a kind, a regional report that tracks the whole scope of the economy, at least for Chicago. Big swings are the norm but one isn’t expected for December with the consensus calling for what would be a small 1.3 point gain for this index to dead even 50, which is about where this index has been trending.
Chicago PMI vs. Institute for Supply Management, or ISM
It does not appear that the index has been trending around 50 as Bloomberg suggests. The three jumps above 50 are countertrend in a series that has been weakening for about a year.
Service economy headed for a slowdown?
The Chicago PMI is a bit different because it contains a mix of both manufacturing and service companies. That makes matters worse, given that economists generally consider the service economy to be in good shape.
Last month when the PMI dipped for the sixth time in 10 months (now seventh time in 11 months), the question arose: Is the service economy headed for a slowdown?
Here is the pertinent part in answer to that question:
Bloomberg proposes the volatility of the report should limit its impact on the month’s outlook.
[The author] suggest[s] volatility is a sign of a trend change as well as underlying weakness. And the backlog of orders, one place where there has been consistent contraction for 10 months, does not bode well for future hiring needs.
All things considered, the Chicago PMI is a warning that the service economy may be on its last legs.
Reflections on the weather
This month, Bloomberg relies on the old standby: the weather.
It’s always too hot, too cold or too right. This month it was too pleasant.
Heading into the reports, it’s clear the economists did not know the Chicago weather was too good, otherwise they would have lowered their forecasts.
Economists only learned Chicago’s weather was too good following the PMI release December 31. Amazingly, economists don’t even know about massive snowstorms until economic reports come out weeks later.
Sorry state of Chicago
A weakening service sector coupled with the biggest property-tax hike in history will not do wonders for the Chicago economy.